The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is a federal agency which holds primary responsibility for enforcing the federal securities laws and regulating the securities industry, the nation's stock and options exchanges, and other electronic securities markets in the United States.
 Markets regulate themselves
Long before the existence of the Securities and Exchange Commission, medieval guilds and trading houses established common standards, accreditation agencies, and accounting rules that have evolved to the present day. The system of English common law has been evolving since the 12th century, and the accounting system used today was codified in 1495.
Numerous non-governmental bodies have continued to develop accounting rules and set auditing standards for public organizations. It is the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, not the government, which sets ethical standards for the profession and U.S. auditing standards for audits of private companies; federal, state and local governments; and non-profit organizations.
Voluntary oversight organizations are embraced by their participants because they provide executives with a value â€“ they allow them to discover waste and fraud and advertise honesty to partners and customers. Unlike government regulatory bodies, they are flexible, efficient, and competitive. When the compliance costs of accounting rules exceed their value, or when lax controls lead to unethical or risky behavior, the markets embrace new standards. The Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 did not begin the process of regulating markets, but nationalized much of the auditing market and turned it over to politicians and bureaucrats.
 Regulations hinder competition and raise costs for investors
The SEC subsidizes politically connected corporations at the expense of smaller firms, hindering innovation and encouraging corruption. Established corporations lobby the government to create burdensome regulations that smaller investment funds and markets cannot afford, thus creating coercive monopolies that raise profits a few firms at the expense of investors. Government bodies like the SEC, the MSRB, the FTC, the USITC, the Fed, the Treasury, the IRS, the OTS, and the state attorneyâ€™s offices issue hundreds of thousands of laws, rules, opinions, bulletins, comment letters and threats and require numerous reports, statements, forms, notices, and approvals that investment firms and public companies must obey. This creates an artificial scarcity of investment products that benefits large corporations and discourages savings and investment. Smaller companies cannot afford to raise money by issuing stock, and investors are forced to choose between public but expensive mutual funds and secretive and risky hedge funds with entry fees that only the rich can afford.
 The SEC creates corruption
Rather than making Wall Street honest, regulatory agencies are the primary instruments of fraud and corruption on Wall Street. Politicians who control regulatory agencies have an incentive to use their power to extract benefits for themselves and their constituencies, rather than to keep markets honest and efficient. Power hungry politicians like Eliot Spitzer use the power of the SEC to go on crusades again innocent businessmen, and thus force regulatory bodies to hide the evidence of real corruption. By blocking outsiders from seeing its records, the agency is makes it harder for investors to discover real fraud.
The case of Bernie Madoff is a typical case study in how the SEC encourages fraud. Investors figured out that Madoff couldnâ€™t possibly make the profits he claimed, and have been writing the SEC since 1999, urging them to put a stop to Madoffâ€™s Ponzi scheme. However, Madoff used his close family ties to the SEC, and was instrumental in founding key regulatory bodies â€“ and then nominated his family members to serve on their boards. When skeptical investors inquired about the irregularities in his fund, Madoff told them that the SEC had already investigated and cleared him over a period of three years.
While Madoff stole $50 billion dollars under their noses, the SECâ€™s budget surpassed $900 million dollars, and grew at record rates during the two Bush administrations.
 The SEC makes markets more volatile and risky
By banning crucial market functions like short selling and "insider trading" the SEC hinders the marketâ€™s ability to react to new information, and makes markets more unpredictable and expensive.
 The SEC cannot even oversee itself
While the SEC is charged with enforcing regulations like Sarbanes-Oxley, it consistently fails to control and report on its own processes and receives failing grades from the governmentâ€™s own auditing body. This is not surprising â€“ it has no incentive to be efficient or responsible to stockholders.
Note: this page was based on The One Minute Case against the SEC, which is in the public domain and was kindly provided by David Veksler - big thanks to him!