Felix Dzerzhinsky

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Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky (11 September [O.S. 30 August] 1877–20 July 1926), born in Lithuania in 1877, was the founder of the first Soviet secret police, the Cheka.[1][2]


  1. Duff p 45
  2. Shmelev p 17


  • William E. Duff. A time for spies: Theodore Stephanovich Mally and the era of the great illegals. Vanderbilt University Press. 1st edition 31 December 1999. ISBN 978-0826513526
  • Nikolai Shmelev, Vladimir Popov. The turning point: revitalizing the Soviet economy. I.B.Tauris. New edition 31 December 1990. ISBN 978-1850432135