Institutional unemployment is unemployment due to interferences with free market conditions rather than the voluntary decisions of those unemployed. Such interferences include all attempts to raise wage rates above the flexible rates which in a free market tend to adjust the supply of every type of labor to the demand for it. Such interferences are usually the result of so-called "pro-labor" legislation, although they may also be the result of custom, union activity or fear of violence.
- Percy L. Greaves, Jr. "Mises Made Easier ", 1974. Referenced 2014-07-17.