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The purpose of this page is to catalogue currently known typos in mises.org publications. If an error included in this list has been fixed, please remove it.

Typos in the Book Typos topic on the Mises Forums will promptly be added to the Wiki.



Benjamin Anderson

Economics and The Public Welfare


page 94

Misspelling of "franc"

As we shall later see, this was a very important factor in saving the French france from the complete collapse that the German mark went through.

page 106

Misspelling of "Participation"

American Paricipation in Loan Conditioned on Immediate Gold Payments by Bank.

page 116

Misspelling of "assisted"

[...] Governor of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, asssisted and supported by an untrained and inexperienced man in Washington, [...]

page 158

Misspelling of "franc"

French wholesale prices in May of 1926 were below the world level even if the france were put at 4¢, while with the franc at 3 1/2¢ French wholesale prices would have been far below the world gold level.

page 159

Misspelling of "In" (to match rest of the book)

Native French products (in French currency )

page 186

Misspelling of "were"

The Federal Reserve authorities wese using measures which, on the basis of their past experience, [...]

page 216 Missing a period at the end of Footnote 1 (Potential Scan Error?)

page 307

Misspelling of "conflict"

The New Deal is far too complex to be described in any simple terms, but the conflct between a liberal foreign trade policy and the policy of internal regimentation is one of the clues to much that follows.

page 380 OR 381 Missing Footnote 1 (in text and bottom of the page), OR Footnote 2 and 3 on Page 381 should be changed to 1 and 2.

page 385 Footnote 1 in text and bottom of page should become Footnote 2

page 428

Misspelling of "bookkeeping"

In cases where bookeeping was difficult to enforce

page 454

Missing commas

If a man bought $10,000 worth of stock, the rule required that he pay in cash $5500 and that he borrow only $4500. His margin was 55% of the cost of the stock, but it was 122% of the $4500 loan.

page 471

Table has an extra/empty column. Potentially meant to have an "Amer. Labor" column?

page 498

Misspelling of "population"

The estimate is that the growth of the poulation in the last half of the nineteenth century was “responsible” for perhaps 60% of the “capital formation” in the United States.

page 531

Missing commas

[...] individuals of $3000 and less, and over 80% of the total income of the country was received by individuals and families with incomes of $5000 and less.

page 535

Misspelling of "monopolies"

[...] was greatly helped by the fact that its indirect taxes and its revenues from fiscal monoplies came in [...]

page 554

Misspelling of "with"

He said that the trouble wtih the Nazi is that they do not have consciences.

page 568

Misspelling of "bureaucrats"

[...] with red tape cut through, did a job which bureacrats could never do in peacetime.

page 571

Misspelling of "Government"

[...] which characterized the relation of Goverment with business at the beginning of the war, [...]

page 586

Misspelling of "Criticisms"

Criticisims of the Bank.

page 597

Index, under England, Misspelling of "equalization"

equilization account, 417;

Louis Baudin

The Socialist Empire: The Incas of Peru


page 153

Mispelling of "together" ('d' should be 'r')

The Peruvians also made use either of a raft composed of several tree trunks lashed togethed with ropes [...]

page 318

Missing 'a' in "acquainted"

[...] might well have been acquinted with this method of writing.

page 348

Footnote 16 is missing a right quotation mark

page 414

In the Bibliography, X is placed after Y

page 419

In the Index, "McBride" should be placed before "Mead" and after "Matienzo"

Edwin Cannan

Money: Its Connexion With Rising And Falling


page 6

Potential misspelling? In Great Britain in 1918, was "necessary" spelled with one s or two s?

To arrive at agreement it is neces-ary, [...]

page 47

Extra 'r' in "sovereign"

[...] although circulating at par with the coin tends to reduce the value of the coin and raise prices even when that coin is like the English sover-reign before the War, [...]

page 86: Missing '.' after "50 per cent"

Their value will be the same as that of the coin into which they are convertible, whether 1 per cent., 50 per cent or 100 per cent. are “ covered, ” [...]

Wealth: A Brief Explanation of The Causes of Economics Welfare


page 167

Misspelling of "proportion"

[...] property is also small in porportion to the whole.

page 169

Misspelling of "proportion"

[...] as the rental value of their premises would generally be trifling in porportion to their gains as “ monied men.”

page 227

Misspelling of "disagreeableness"

[...] to submit to so much “ disaggreableness of labour ” when they earn additional income by working as [...]

page 228

Misspelling of "proportion"

[...] more income gives more wealth, but always in a less and less porportion.

William Henry Chamberlin

America's Second Crusade


page 279

Missing 's' in "Czechoslovakia"

For Czecholovakia substitute Poland.

page 329

Missing 'vi' in "civilian"

The other is that military officers and cilivian officials [...]

John V. Denson

Reassessing The Presidency


page 123

Footnotes at bottom of page are accidentally "38, 38, 39". Should be "38, 39, 40".

page 373

Space before ','

[...] and merge they did ,on a scale that has not been equaled, [...]

page 773

Missing 'c' in "Ethics"

[...] Ethis, Religion, and Politics, 581n, 582n

page 790

Indentation error for "Wilson, David I. and Eugene P. Trani"

Harold Fleming

Ten Thousand Commandments: A Story of The Antitrust Laws


page 29

Mispelling of "competitive"

[...] evil that a large buyer could secure a competetive advantage [...]

page 65

Mispelling of "competition" (Missing 'ti')

“Prevention of all potential competion is the natural program for maintaining a monopoly here, [...]

page 113

Extra 't' in "through" OR 'ou' in "throughout"

[...] shoe manufacturers couldn’t sell direct throught their own stores, direct selling, such as “From Kalamazoo Direct to You,” would be illegal, [...]

page 145

Missing 'e' in "nineteenth"

[...] pinned on the small owner-capitalist of the ninteenth century.

page 158

Missing an 's' in "essentially"

And this is es-entially the question at stake now about big business [...]

page 175

Quotation mark should be moved inside parenthesis

had to travel back and forth the 1,600 miles from the head office in New York (or move to Dallas “for the duration).”

Garett Garet

Ouroboros or The Mechanical Extension of Mankind


page 16

Misspelling of "formerly"

Silks, watches, ornaments, shoes like those of queens and ladies, plated ware, upholstered furniture, soft beds, besides things that were formely non-existent and therefore beyond the reach of kings, sultans and nabobs, such as electric lights, [...]

page 20

Accidental lowercase "Or"

[...] wonderful than the silkworm similarly converting the mulberry leaf in precious quantities? or a steel ship more amazing than a whale? What of the mechanical beast with a colorless fluid in its tail and a flame in its nose [...]

page 29

Misspelling of "terrific"

As you may know, the industrial equipment of the world is increasing by teriffic momentum.

page 30

Misspelling of "protocols"

Yet they are but protcols of truce.

page 34

Misspelling of "industrial"

Competition among industiral nations to exploit one another’s internal markets is but one profile of all that dangerous activity taking place in the name of foreign trade.

page 39

Misspelling of "install"

The makers of fifty-dollar watches throw away their old machines, instal new ones, increase their production, reduce their costs, and not only make what was a fifty-dollar watch for twenty-five but contribute also, in a competitive manner, to the supply of ten-dollar watches.

page 60

Misspelling of "abhorring"

[...] was the protagonist of free trade, abhoring tariffs, because she was paramount in machine craft and could beat her rivals both in their own markets and in her own.

page 69

Misspelling of "uncontrollable"

Beginning about 1870 there was a sudden and uncontrol-able increase in the output of industry from two principal causes.

page 80

Misspelling of "became"

It becames vital by extension—that is to say, when in the course of time the industrial population has increased beyond the native food supply.

page 85

Changed to "machine craft" in order to match its usage in the rest of the book

So long as three or four nations had a monopoly of machines and machinecraft it could be managed; [...]

page 86

Misspelling of "laudable"

[...] their wives and families, as for a good education of a great part of the youth of this realm in good art and laudible exercise:

page 93

Misspelling of "mandated"

We witness almost unawares the ruin of that classic enterprise of empire which is founded upon the theory of a balance of trade and a division of labor whereby the colonies, the dominions, the subject and manadated peoples are hewers, drawers, and food-bringers, serving those who live in cities, practice machine craft, and think themselves wholly benevolent.

The Driver (book)

http://www.amazon.com/The-Driver-Garet-Garrett/product-reviews/1142217698/ref=dp_top_cm_cr_acr_txt?ie=UTF8&showViewpoints=1 has noted quite a few errors.

R.W. Grant

The Incredible Bread Machine


page 51

Missing 't' in "influential"

[...] which became one of the most influenial books on economics ever written.

page 80

Misspelling of "standard" ('e' to 'd')

[...] for a wage sufficient to assure an adequate standare of living.

page 131

Misspelling of "important" ('na' should be 'an')

This person has kept you from doing some importnat things during the course of the semester, [...]

page 141

Misspelling of "permitted" ('re' should be 'er')

Since the initiation of force is not premitted in a free society, [...]

page 152

Missing 't' in "virtually"

The inescapable conclusion is that the owners of these parcels have been stripped of virually all of their property rights without compensation.

page 159

Misspelling of "siege" ('ei' should be 'ie')

[...] State that Italy was in a state of seige by barbarians and that every man must stay at his post.

page 162

Extra 'i' in "elimination"

[...] party which advocates the eilimination of income tax [...]

page 166

Misspelling of "Sri Lanka" ('d' to 'k')

Why should the rice grower in Sri Landa work to produce an excess when he can get his rice free?

page 192

Misspelling of "Poverty" ('ro' should be 'o')

War on Proverty

Chapter 8

Footnote 31 exists in Footnote section of the book, but does not exist within Chapter 8 in the text.

Betinna Bien Greaves

Free Market Economics: A Syllabus


page 129

Misspelling of "anticipated"

[...] important thing is the ancitipated prospects of [...]

Charles Hardy

Credit Policies of the Federal Reserve


page 84

Missing 'b' in "business"

So long as usiness conditions are deemed satisfactory, all major gold movements [...]

page 158

Footnote 13 and 14 do not exist on the bottom of the page

Friedrich Hayek

Individualism and Economic Order


Table of contents

"XII. The Economic Conditoins of Interstate Federalism".

Henry Hazlitt

From Bretton Woods To World Inflation


page 62

Ending quotation marks are left quotation marks, should become right quotation marks.

[...] “to promote exchange stability.“
[...] “to correct a fundamental disequilibrium.“

page 136

Missing 'e' in "unnecessarily"

The Bank, apart from its unncessarily large subscribed capital [...]

page 178

Missing 'i' in "responsibility"

But, given a return of political responsiblity and courage, [...]

Way to Willpower


page 14

Missing 'd' in "United States"

The President of the Unite States we know to be only another name for Harding.

page 34

Missing 'd' in "United States"

Nearly all of us, at school, have thought that we should someday like to be President of the Unite States.

page 36

Should be changed to "than this".

But there is a liability to misunderstanding more important that this.

page 45

Should be a lowercase 'o'

DO not order the drink.

page 47

Should be changed to "work"

An automobile engine runs more smoothly after it has been “worked in,” and the friction edges word down.

page 64

Misspelling of "thought"

[...] that desires are not ever-present, but become active only when some train of though or some external [...]

page 72

Misspelling of "hand"

“Get some rum! Get some rum! My had is off!”

page 73

Misspelling of "extent", and missing a ')'

It may be alleged that, while in its developed and actual adult form, the sexual passion is largely or partly an acquired one (its form and intensity depending to a great extend upon early environment, imitation, decisions at critical times, frequency of indulgence, yet the organism is endowed with an instinctive propensity without which the sexual craving as developed would never have come into existence.

page 79

Misspelling of "may"

Your mind my miss the one advantage of an old curiosity shop—that the pieces of furniture in it, though they may not match each other, are at least in themselves complete.

Hans Hermann Hoppe

Democracy: The God That Failed

Physical copy

pg. 236-237, chapter 11, footnote 27 talks about Mises, Hayek, Rothbard and the perspective of each and then ends with "See also note 30 below." - there is no note 30 below.

Robert LeFevre

The Philosophy of Ownership


page 64

Misspelling of "symbols" ('o' and 'b' swapped)

[...] can be the exclusive property of anyone. Words are abstractions in the form of symobls.

page 72

Missing 'i' in "responsibility"

[...] remain under constant care and surveillance, during which parental responsiblity cannot be shrugged off.

Fritz Machlup

An Economic Review of The Patent System


page 25

Missing 's' in "controversy"

[...] but the absence of references to the heated controvery of 1850-73 seems to indicate that they were not familiar with this literature [...]

Chesly Manly

The Twenty Year Revolution: From Roosevelt To Eisenhower


page 95


[...] with the inevitable result of exploitation of the comman man by the masses, or rather, by those who in such a system apply power over the masses. . . .

page 114

Missing '.' after "VII"

page 174


[...] reminded Acheson at the Senate hearing that in the negotiations preceding the outbreak of that war in 1904 the Rus-sions proposed that Korea be divided at the 38th parallel.

page 193


[...] of Franklin D. Roosevelt in the creation of a millennium of peace.

Rose Martin

Fabian Freeway


page 187

Extra 't' in "benefiting"

and to benefitting unostentatiously from his private investments and an ample income derived from syndication of his column.

page 212

Extra 't' in "benefited"

[...] manager of the International Oxygen Company, which had benefitted from wartime contracts, [...]

page 246

Missing 'i' in "into" (scan error?)

A hundred and seventy years ago the welfare state concept was translated nto the basic law of this land by the founders of the republic [...]

page 360

accidentally italicized 'k' in "known" (don't know how I caught this)

Charles J. Hitch' (Oxford, 1934), Assistant Secretary of Defense and Comptroller; wrote The Economics of Defense in the Nuclear Age, known as “the Bible” of Pentagon civilians.

page 361

Extra 'l' in "centralized"

[...] more centrallized control, as a result of Federal aid to states and municipalities; [...]

page 366

right quotation -> left quotation

”Secretary’s Report (September, 1961-July, 1963)

page 268

Missing 'i' in "envisioned"

[...] Rostow explained that the species of world-wide New Deal envisoned for underdeveloped countries will not wholly eliminate private business.

page 421

Missing 'u' in "Uruguay"

They visited the following countries: Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, Urguay, Brazil, where they met leading representatives of the Socialist and Popular Parties.”

page 423

Footnotes 33 and 34 need to be swapped

Ludwig von Mises

Human Action


Metadata Errors

The Author of the EPUB is "Ludwig VonMises"

There is an unused higher quality cover image included inside of the EPUB, this takes up ~71 KB.

Misspellings of "the"

Prior to die geographical dispersal of the school in the mid-1930s,12 moreover, none of die members of these latter generations had achieved international recognition,
By die mid-193 Os, the Austrian School had melted away in Austria as more attractive prospects abroad or die looming National Socialist threat drove the leading Austrian economists to emigrate [...]
These economic theorists, under the influence of the general equilibrium approach, advocated die mathematical solution to the problem of socialist calculation.
In die de facto settlement (Mises never acceded to it entirely), Yale distributed errata sheets and agreed to prepare a corrected third edition when the second edition sold out.
[...] the original edition focuses on die necessity of curbing government power, and concludes that government is [...]
It reveals the issues and concerns that Mises considered primary when releasing, at die height of his intellectual powers, the most complete and integrated statement of his career.
[...] and positivist conquests of economic thought, is reason enough to reissue die original on its fiftieth anniversary, making it widely available for the first time in nearly four decades.
A high place must be reserved in the history of economic thought, indeed, in die history of ideas, [...]
[...] Hayek's crucial role in the early development of die Anglo-American version of general equilibrium theory
[...] Carl Menger and die Austrian School of Economics, [...]
Hayek himself regarded die analysis of value theory in Hick's [...]
[...] the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (by Wilhelm Seuss) and die Neue Zuercher Zeitung (by Egon Tuchtfeldt).
For under these circumstances the regular costs incurred by holding cash are increased by the losses caused by die progressive [...]
The presence of unused capacity of inconvertible investments is an outgrowth of errors committed in die past.
It is beyond the scope of catallactics to enter into an examination of the arguments brought forward for and against the institution of copyrights and patents. It has merely to stress the point that this is a problem of die delimitation of property rights [...]

Missing "H" in "HUMAN ACTION"

UMAN ACTION and Nationalökonomie have the same overall structure of seven parts, and the bulk of the English edition consists of material directly translated from the German.

TOC Errors

8 The Instinct of Agression and Destruction
10 Promoters, Managers, Technicians, and Bureaucrats 300

Spacing Errors

Mass Spacing Errors

80 extra spaces around '—'

34In addition, B.H. Beckhart, a former student of Mises's teaching at Columbia University, [...]
The publisher received the final manuscript on October 1,1948.
Some changes to later editions were suggested by Mises's friend Percy L. Greaves, Jr., in a memo dated October 12,1961.

Introduction, Footnote 32

Private correspondence to Eugene Davidson, February 22,1945.
The labor of the classes 1,2, and 3 is expended because the disutility of labor in itself [...]
XXVII. 3 “The Delimitation of Governmental Functions” (pp. 715–719)
Referring to immigration, Mises writes on pages 820–821 : “Neither does it mean that there can be any question of appeasing aggressors by removing migration barriers.
[...] and even more emphatically in Liberalism in 192 7.
In this sense, the German Reichsbank's discount rate of 90 per cent was, in the fall of 192 3, a low rate [...]
XVI.15 “The Chimera of Nonmarket Prices” (pp. 3 92–3 94)
[...] whose marvelous agricultural potentialities were almost un touched when the first colonists from Europe arrived, [...]
For every un profitable project that is realized by the aid of the government there is a corresponding project the realization of which is neglected merely on account of the government's intervention.
These princes and counts were spontaneously com mitted to forest conservation because they felt perfectly safe in the possession of their property [...].
Keith S.Wood
History is at a loss to explain with the same assurance why there was a rise in the price of milk of 1 o per cent or why [...]
The substitution of 8 p f or a, of 15 [...]
If he refuses, he will not get any j ob.
If it were true that the economists had in their sub consciousness no design other than that of justifying the unfair claims of the capitalists, [...]

Chapter II, Footnote 1

Max Weber in his main treatise (Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft''[Tübingen, 1922], pp. 513–600)

Chapter II, Footnote 2

(Les Deux Sources de la morale et de la religion''[Paris, 1932], P. 68.)

Footnote Errors

Chapter II, Footnote 19

Cf. A. Eddington, The Philosophy of Physical Science (New York, 1939), pp. 2S-48.

Chapter II, Footnote 20

As this is not a dissertation on general epistemology, but the indispensable foundation o? a treatise of economics, [...]

Chapter III, Footnote 9 (Also in PDF)

“Le moulin à bras vous donnera la société avec le souzerain; le moulin à vapeur, la société avec le capitaliste industriel.” (Marx, Misère de la philosophie (Paris and Brussels, 1847), p. 100.

Chapter IX, Footnote 6 (also in PDF) Missing comma

About the prospects of an Asiatic aggression on the West cf. below,

Chapter XV, Footnote 7 Changed to "1885"

[Paris, 18851, Vol. VII)

Chapter XVII, Footnote 13 Changed to "cf"

About the relations of the market rate of interest and changes in purchasing power, of. below, Chapter XX.

Chapter XVIII, Footnote 2

If the lengthening of durability were not at least proportionate to the increment in. expenditure needed, [...]

Chapter XXIV, Footnote 1 Changed to "trans." to match the rest of the book

transl. by M. Shapiro

Indentation Issues

XVIII.4 “Some Applications of the Time-Preference Theory” (pp. 496–499)
XVII.6 “Inflation and Deflation; Inflationism and Deflationism” (pp. 419–21)

End of Foreword (fixed to shift all the way to the left)

New York, February, 1949.

Italics Errors

Mass Italics Errors

(NOT LISTED) 58 "of", 19 "to", 3 "the", 4 "in"

(Not Listed) Fixed ~800 accidental italicized punctuation.

In addition, B.H. Beckhart, a former student of Mises's teaching at Columbia University, [...]
Preeminent among these students was Murray N. Rothbard, whose Man, Economy, and State in 1962,38 America's Great Depression in 1963,
[...] while Ludwig Lachmann gave Mises one of his few enthusiastic academic endorsements in the pages of Economica.''52
Out of the political economy of the classical school emerges the general theory of human action, praxeology.''1
It would, on the contrary, miss the satisfaction it could derive from the acquisition of g.''22
It is impossible to describe the advantages derived from capital goods available and the disadvantages resulting from the paucity of capital goods without resorting to the time element of sooner and later.''9
In A the productivity of labor and consequently wage rates and the standard of living of the wage earners are higher than in B.''11
Yet the real entrepreneur is a speculator,''18 a man eager to utilize his opinion about [...]
Automatic, says the Concise Oxford Dictionary,''5 means “unconscious, unintelligent, [...]
It was vain for the emperors to promulgate laws against the city-dweller who “relicta civitate rus habitare maluerit.” 4
The fundamental idea both of guild socialism and of corporativism is that every branch of business forms a monopolistic body, the guild or corporazione.2
It can apply to itself the words of Sir Christopher Wren's epitaph in St. Paul's: Si monumentum requiris, circumspice.''12
It is usual to call an action irrational if it aims, at the expense of “material” and tangible advantages, at the attainment of “ideal” or “higher” satisfactions.
In confronting the imaginary constructions with reality we cannot raise the question of whether they correspond to experience and depict adequately the empirical data.
The social philosophy of paternal despotism laid stress upon the divine mission of kings and autocrats predestined to rule the peoples.
[...] state of production results in supplying people better than the orders of a centralized omnipotent government. The idea of socialism [...]
He who would make man the material of a purposeful system of breeding and feeding would arrogate to himself [...]
The reformers searching for the maximum of general satisfaction have told us merely what state of other people's affairs would best suit themselves.
[...] including those bringing about the recurring disarrangement of the plain state of rest, are constant
But the very notion of a market economy without money is self-contradictory.
For the pressure group nothing matters but the increase of its members' real income.
The monopolist does not employ the monopolized good according to the wishes of the consumers. As far as there are monopoly prices, the interests of the monopolist take precedence over those of the public and the democracy of the market is restricted.
They are not caused by the process of production, but by the methods employed by the entrepreneur in the past for the procurement of the capital and capital goods needed.
It does not include interest on capital squandered in the past by bad investment [...]
The unions are intent upon restricting the supply of labor in their field without bothering about the fate of those excluded.
For the unemployed union members are not the only people wronged by the [...]
If we trace the purchasing power of money back step by step, we finally arrive at the point at which the service of the good concerned as a medium of exchange begins. At this point yesterday's exchange value is exclusively determined by [...]
[...] medium of exchange is determined solely a demand on the part of people eager to use it for industrial purposes, [...]
The new order of things results in changes in the intensity of demand for various goods.
[...] money available in the whole economy is always sufficient to secure for everybody all that money does and can do.
[...] supply of and the demand for money coincide, there can never be an excess or a deficiency of money.
The monopolist does not employ the monopolized good according to the wishes of the consumers. As far as there are monopoly prices, the interests of the monopolist take precedence over those of the public [...]
The legal concepts of property do not fully take account of the social function of private property.
They must enter into a detailed analysis and description of this policy with full particulars and minute accounts whenever they want to refer to it, [...]
The more the accumulation of capital goods proceeds, the greater becomes the problem of convertibility. The primitive methods of farmers and handicraftsmen of earlier ages [...]
[...] changing prices of the principal or with changing interest rates and an unchanging amount of the principal, or with changes in both magnitudes.
It will have to establish the role that the recommendation of the short-run principle [...]
These precursors go empty-handed although their contribution to the final result was often much more weighty than that of the patentee.
Socialism is not a realizable system of society's economic organization because it lacks any method of economic calculation.
No man is qualified to declare what would make another man happier or less discontented.
The impulse to live, to preserve one's own life, and to take advantage of every opportunity of strengthening one's vital forces is a primal feature of life, present in every living being.
He can give up his life when the conditions under which alone he. could preserve it seem intolerable.
But the experience to which the natural sciences owe all their success is the experience of the experiment in which the individual elements of change can be observed in isolation.
No laboratory experiments can be performed with regard to human action.
Commentators would be free to resort to quite arbitrary explanations. Where there is something to explain, [...]
They may fully agree in establishing that the factors a, b, and c worked together in producing the effect P; [...]
A project P is unprofitable when and because consumers prefer the satisfaction expected from the realization of some other projects to the satisfaction expected from the realization of P.
[...] calculations neglect those advantages of P which for them are external economies.
The nonrealization of P is therefore a loss for society.
One cannot master these problems by eliminating P and relying only upon O.
[...] the most appropriate method of transforming, by successive steps, P1 into Pn.
Today we are confronted with a supply of P1 which differs from the state of equilibrium. We must take into account real conditions, i.e., P1, and not the hypothetical conditions of Pn.
It would be impermissible to assume that these magnitudes for D1 are equal to those for [...]
Finally we call the state of technological knowledge T1 and Tn.
[...] by increasing the quantity of C without changing the quantity of B, [...]
[...] B would be unlimited and B would not be considered as scarce and as an economic good.
Even an infinitesimal quantity of B would be sufficient for the production of any quantity of D, [...]
[...] provided the supply of C is large enough. On the other hand, an increase in the quantity of B available could not increase the output of [...]
The characteristic feature of case C is that the configuration of production costs varies unevenly.
[...] that A and E differ from each other only in so far as in B the total supply of money is [...]
[...] differ from each other only in so far as in B the total supply of a certain commodity r is [...]
[...] gold must be shipped from A to B and the rate for cable transfer B reaches in A the gold export point. Then gold is sent from A to B in the same way in which cotton [...]
Then the rate of cable transfer B in A cannot rise above a point slightly below the gold export [...]
[...] and the term C labor for the term compulsory labor.
Case 1. The good will gives to the seller the opportunity to sell
[...] of a commodity g would be employed for the satisfaction of a need [...]
On the other hand the costs required for the production of additional quantities of g would increase in marginal disutility; [...]
[...] there corresponds an amount n m in B, n being greater or smaller than 1; [...]
But in case 2 all owners of r and all those who do not own any r, but are eager to acquire [...]
Let us call r that amount of capital goods which, [...]
[...] if they were in a position to produce not only g [...]
[...] a part of the total bill of production costs. A business- man expends money for advertising if and as far as he expects that the increase in sales [...]
Let us assume that an accident cuts a city's electrical supply for several days and forces [...]
This Scholar's Edition of Human Action is printed on 50 lb. acid-free Finch Fine paper; it is [...]

Italic Errors In Footnotes

Introduction, Footnote 17

Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, 2,

Introduction, Footnote 20

(South Holland, 111.: Libertarian Press, 1978)

Introduction, Footnote 48

[...] and Houston Chamberlain not to be found in the corresponding Chapters III and IX of Human Action.

Introduction, Footnote 36

[...] and (5) Human Action: A Treatise on Economics. Next to this final suggestion, Davidson wrote [...]

Introduction, Footnote 43

See, for instance, Rothbard, Man, Economy, and State, pp. 498 [...]

Mass Capitalization Errors

(NOT LISTED) 15 "PP." to "pp.", 16 "P." to "p."

Capitalization Errors

Equilibrium will emerge only when these disturbing parts of p1 as far as they are still utilizable, [...]
they are looking only at that part of the supply which remains on the market.

Subscript Errors

(Not Listed) 2 "pt" changed to "p1"

(Not Listed) 40 missing subscripts changed (example p1, s2)

Hyphenation Errors

Chapter III, Footnote 6

pp. 726728.

Chapter IX, Footnote 157

Cf. Mises, Omnipotent Government (New Haven, 1944), pp. 221–228, 129131,135–140.

Chapater XVI, Footnote 23

pp. 124127.
The method of instinct-psychology and instinctsociology consists in an arbitrary classification of the immediate goals of action and in a hypostasis of each.
The cause of an event is seen as an action or quasiaction aiming at some end.
Neither is it permissible to substitute a pseudoscientific anthropocentrism for the anthropocentrism of religion and the older metaphysical doctrines.
[...] to the German mind and of expelling from the ranks-of the Germans all those who did not accept this doctrine whatever [...]

Quotation Errors

“Considerable confusion stems from a misinterpretation of the term control of supply.''

Comma Errors

(Not Listed) 3 commas accidentally subscripted.

Chapter XXXI, Footnote 439

[...] iron ore from 2,219 to 12485; [...]

Period Errors

The Collected Works of FA. Hayek,
[...] including those bringing about the recurring disarrangement of the plain state of rest, are constant
It is a manifestation of man who is restrained by the circumscribed powers of his mind, the physiological nature of his body, the. vicissitudes of his environment, and the scarcity of the external factors on which his welfare depends.
This is tantamount to the statement: Catallactics is the. analysis of those actions which are conducted on the basis of monetary calculation.
[...] it is kept in bounds by a factor that forces men not to deviate too hastily from. the course chosen by their forebears.
[...] or in a deterioration of the average wage earner's income is, as. has been said, a question of fact in each instance.
It deprives them of satisfactions which they prefer to those which the government-sponsored project can. furnish them.
To judge in. this way means to judge from an individualistic point of view.

Chapter XXVII, Footnote 3

(Cornell University Lectures, Ithaca, 1945), pp32–33.

Apostrophe Errors

Both changed to '’', also second is in wrong position

The tariff protectionism of the years before 1914 was mild indeed when compared with what developed in the ‘twenties and’ thirties—viz., embargoes, [...]
The governments may influence the height of gold s purchasing power either by credit expansion, [...]

Misspelling of "the", "1930s", and "the"

By die mid-193 Os, the Austrian School had melted away in Austria as more attractive prospects abroad or die looming National Socialist threat drove the leading Austrian economists to emigrate to Great Britain [...]

Misspelling of "Yale"

Despite the protests, bale's Committee on Publications voted to approve the publication March

Misspelling of "acre"

If under competitive conditions m farmers, each of them operating a 1,000-acrc farm, produce all those farm products the consumers are ready to acquire, [...]

Misspellings of "are"

Such goods arc, however, not the object of any action.
It tends more or less to an appraisal of assets below their estimated market value in order to make the net profit and the total funds owned appear smaller than they really arc.

Misspelling of "cell"

[...] his personal evolution not only the physiological metamorphosis from a simple ceil into a highly complicated mammal organism but no less the spiritual metamorphosis from [...]

Misspelling of "by"

They become liberal only when forced to b the citizens.

Misspelling of "$"

[...] people spend f4 each and [...]

Chapter XXXIII, Footnote 2

Vol. Ill

Chapter VII, Footnote 9

(3d ed. Berlin, 1911), II, 16&.

Misspellings of "way"

It is a widespread misconception that while pedants squandered useless talk about the most appropriate method of procedure, economics itself, indifferent to these idle disputes, went quietly on its wav.
Only if people were to value the same things always in the same wav, could we consider price changes as expressive of changes in the power of money to buy things.
On the other hand the imperfectly divisible agents can be divided in such a wav that full utilization of the services rendered [...]
Watchmaking is for them the cheapest wav to acquire wheat.
It must be answered in a straightforward and unambiguous wav.

Misspellings of "Chapter III"

In addition, Human Action contains a new Chapter HI [...]
The expansions, further applications, and changes of emphasis or perspective concern Parts HI through VII.

Misspelling of "away"

In their hands it is the magic wand designed to conjure awav the scarcity of capital goods, [...]

Misspelling of "either"

The clash of conflicting groups can be dealt with from the point of view of the ideas, motives, and aims which impelled cither side's acts.
Thus we conceive the category of action by constructing the image of a state in which there is no action, cither because the individual is fully contented and [...]
The government plans cither to buy commodities and services or to repay debts incurred or to pay interest on such debts.
The subsidies may be granted cither directly by money grants from public funds or indirectly by means of tariffs the incidence of which falls upon the buyers of the products.
There are produced cither those things from the sale of which the entrepreneurs expect the highest profits or those things which the director wants to be produced.

Misspellings of "praxeology"

The fact that praxcology, in fixing its eye on the comprehension of reality, [...]
There is no need for praxcology to raise the question whether reason is a suitable tool for the cognition of ultimate and absolute truth.
Praxcology and economics are not qualified to deal with the transcendent and metaphysical aspects of any doctrine.
We do not deal in praxcology with the acts of the omnipresent and omniscient Deity, but with the actions of men endowed with a human mind only.

Misspellings of "see"

We shall sec later (pp. 49–58) how the empirical social sciences deal with the ultimate given.
[...] Germans from the mongrels and the aliens was to enunciate a genuinely German program and to sec who were ready to support it.

Misspelling of "of" and "praxeology"

It is impossible to demonstrate the validity the a priori foundations of logic and praxcology without referring to these foundations themselves.

Misspelling of "(June"

Introduction, Footnote 53

American Economic Review, 40, no. 3 Qune 1950),

Misspelling of "Mises"

Margit von Alises, discussing the matter in her memoirs, offers this: “the villain in a Perry Mason story is easy to detect.

Misspellings of "But"

Rut these stimuli themselves are not open to description by the methods of the natural sciences.
Rut it is not necessarily an attendant phenomenon of the depression; [...]

Misspelling of "How"

Chapter II, Footnote 3

Hoto Natives Think, trans. by L. A. Clare (New York, 1932), p. 386.

Misspelling of "Man"

4. Real Alan as a Datum

Misspelling of "privilege"

If an importation embargo is mitigated by the importation of a certain quantity, the prices are affected by the quantity imported and the specific costs incurred by the acquisition and the utilization of the privilege or quasi-priyilege.

Missing '-' in "so-called"

But it is precisely this attitude that places Marxian polylogism and its offshoot, the socalled “sociology of knowledge,” in irreconcilable antagonism to science and reason.

Misspelling of "9"

Footnote 15 in Chapter XXIV, Footnote 15

Cf. Spann, Der wahre Staat (Leipzig, 1921), p. 24g.

Misspellings of "does"

It is human moreover because it deals only with human action and docs not aspire to know about nonhuman [...]
The relation 3:1 docs not assert anything about the chances of the candidates.
It certainly docs not mean that out of ten cases of the same type nine are favorable for Roosevelt and one unfavorable.
Society docs not think any more than it eats or drinks.
The essential fact is that it is the competition of profit-seeking entrepreneurs that docs not tolerate the preservation of false prices of the factors of production.
But such a fall in money prices docs not in the least impair the benefits derived from the additional wealth produced.
However, acting man docs not measure utility.
If a bank docs not expand circulation credit by issuing additional fiduciary media (either in the form of banknotes or in the form of deposit currency), [...]

Misspelling of "deny"

It is vain to denv that up to now certain races have contributed nothing or very little to the development of civilization and can, in this sense, be called inferior.

Accidental "Ó"

Chapter XIX, Footnote 3

trans. by R. Opie (Cambridge, 1934), pp. 34–, 54.

Chapter XXIV, Footnote 16

Cf. above, pp. 363—3Ó5, and below, pp. 810–821.

Chapter XXXI, Footnote 4

(194Ó), 187; reprinted in


"of" should be "or" http://mises.org/books/socialism/conclusion.aspx
Just as it is decisively important in the life of the individual man whether he merges safe and sound from the troubles and fears of adolescence of whether he carries away scars which hinder him permanently from developing his abilities, so is it important in what manner human society will struggle through the vexed problems of organization.

John Humphrey Noyes

History of American Socialisms


page 26

Missing 'l' in "successfully"

Neither can be successfuly embodied by men whose minds are not wide enough to accept them both.

page 27

Missing 'i' in "families"

What they needed was to convert their churches into unitary fam-lies, and put them into unitary homes, where daily meetings and continuous criticism are possible;—and behold, this is Socialism!

page 55

Missing '.' after "Herrick" and before '—' to match the rest of the book

J. B. Herrick—

page 59

Missing 'a' in "probably"

The moral at the close, inferring the impracticability of Communism, may prob-bly be accepted as sound, if restricted to non-religious experiments.

page 84

Missing 's' in "enthusiasm"

So Macdonald, with the enthuiasm of a true Socialist, on landing in this country in 1842 first sought out New Harmony.

page 88

Potential Error: Should "universal excusionist" be "universal excursionist"

Robert Owen is a remarkable character. In years nearly seventy-five: in knowledge and experience superabundant; in benevolence of heart transcendental; in honesty without disguise; in philanthropy unlimited; in religion a skeptic; in theology a Pantheist: in metaphysics a necessarian circumstantialist; in morals a universal excusionist; in general conduct a philosophic non-resistant;

page 91

Misspelling of "of"

[...] at least imagining the sweets af Communism, [...]

page 107

Potential Error: Should "supfiercial" be "superficial"?

Mr. Emerson’s lecture is doubtless reliable on the main point for which we quote from it—the Unitariar and Channing-arian origin of Brook Farm—but certainly supfiercial in its view of the substantial character and final purpose of that Community.

page 148

Most likely a scan error: Missing a '.' at the end of sentence

[...] that the afflatus must be strong enough to decompose the old family unit and make Communism the home-center

page 173

Missing second 'r' in "embarrassment"

This experiment did not fail through pecuniary embarassment.

page 184

Missing '‘' before "To each, according"

On its banner was inscribed, To each, according to his capacity, and to each capacity according to its work.’

page 191

Missing third 'i' in "division"

This inquiry has given rise to our third divison, called theo-retico-practical architects of society.”

page 202

Missing '“' before "Compound"

“Attractive Industry,” Compound Economies,” “Democracy of Association,” “Equilibrium of the Passions”

page 203

Missing 'r' in "constructing"

Millions are now spent in constucting canals and railroads that scarcely pay for repairs.

page 235

Misspelling of "development" ('o' should be 'e')

[...] and its failure to secure education and devolopment to the children growing up all around [...]

page 253

Missing second 'n' in "Pennsylvania"

[...] and purchased eight hundred acres of fertile wood-land, in Monroe County, Pensylvania.

page 283

Potential Error: "boldy" should be changed to "boldly"

I boldy pronounce all partial attempts, short of such a beginning, a waste, and worse than a waste, of time and brain, blood and muscle, soul and body.

page 299

"THF" should be "THE" and there is a missing '.' at the end


page 317

Most likely a scan error: Missing '.' at the end of sentence

I began to doubt whether it was much of an affair after all; but I pushed on, anxious at once to see the place

page 334

Most likely a scan error: Missing '.' at the end of sentence

“The Phalanx has fee simple titles to many tracts of land, and a house in Warren, with which they will secure capitalists who choose to invest money, for the purpose of establishing some branches of manufacturing

page 344

Brackets instead of parenthesis to match the rest of the book

(From a letter of N. C. Meeker, August 11, 1847.)

page 366

Extra 'r' in "February"

An enthusiastic convention of Socialists was held in that city on the 22d of Februrary, 1844, [...]

page 407

Potential Error?: "alway" should be "always"

Tell H., of Beaver, to come and see us, and say to him that you have alway failed in depicting the comforts and pleasures of Association.

page 412

',' should be replaced with '.'

[From a letter in the Southport Telegraph,]

page 414

',.' should be changed to '.,'

We put in about twenty acres of spring crops, mostly potatoes, buckwheat, turnips, etc,. and have now one hundred acres of winter wheat in the ground.

page 460

Missing 'i' in "determined"

[...] and our view is that it is one that must be determned mainly by woman herself.

page 554

Missing 'a' in "probably"

From a defect in the construction of the chimney, a spark from the stove-pipe had prob-bly communicated with the surrounding wood-work; [...]

page 627

Missing second 's' in "system"

12.—The abolishment of the marriage sytem is involved in Paul’s doctrine of the end of ordinances.

page 628

The '.' belongs after "14"

.14—The law of marriage “worketh wrath.”

page 636

Missing 'i' in "division"

The present divison of labor between the sexes separates them entirely.

page 639

Missing 'e' in "consequences"

Marriage makes a man responsible for the conse-qunces of his acts of love to a woman.

Isable Paterson

God of the Machine


page 106

Extra 'r' in "recurrent"

In the long run, England was to make the most successful adjustment in the Old World, but not without a continuous struggle and recurrrent crises of violence, over five centuries.

page 180

Missing 's' in "answers"

Individual ownership anwers exactly to the conditions of physical phenomena.

Leonard E. Read

Accent on the Right


page 42

Blockquote problem. "The delivery of first-class mail for pay;" is the end of the list. The next paragraph should not be a part of the blockquote.

page 70

Misspelling of "millionaires"

[...] thus, most of us would not have survived—not even our current millionaries.

Awake For Freedom's Sake


OTHER BOOKS By Leonard E. Read:

Missing indent on "¿Por Que No Ensayar la Libertad?"

page 10

Missing '—' before "C. F. KETTERING"

page 80

Misspelling of "effectively"

He perceives opportunities to employ scarce resources to serve consumers more efficiently and effectivly than otherwise would be the case

page 108

Accidental misplaced comma

Just about the hardest sell in all history ,so far as I know, was undertaken by Medieval “Christians,” namely, the Crusades that went on for the better part of two centuries.

page 114

Accidental '-'

“Why, Mr. Saint Peter, I had the reputation of being an honest man. What do you mean I stole money from-widows and orphans.”

page 157

Missing space before quotation.

So, forever listen! Wisdom may come, as the Bible suggests,“from out the mouths of babes.”

page 162

Misspelling of "liberty"

The very first step in knowing how to use our iberty is self-government.

Castles in the Air


page 42

Should be changed to "to cope"

How cope with this danger?

page 64 and 65

Footnotes 4 and 5 should be changed to 1 and 2.

page 80

Misspelling of "exemplary"

And, with but few exemplarly exceptions, they are.

page 121

José is missing the 'é'

In Footnote 4, "Jose Ortega". Earlier in the book in page 1 his name appeared with a 'é'. Also needs to be fixed in the Index.

Comes the Dawn


Other books

Missing indent on "¿Por Que No Ensayar la Libertad?"

page 19

Misspelling of "according"

Indeed, unless they act acording to the word, they will continue digging ever deeper into the pocketbooks of their children [...]

page 36

'.' should be changed to ','

On the other hand. there is a small but growing minority of persons who are becoming more skilled, articulate, and ardent devotees of socialism’s opposite: [...]

page 37

Misspelling of "government"

In the decades that followed, citizens did not turn to government for succor, for goverment was so limited that it had nothing on hand to dispense, nor did it then have the power to take from some and give to others.

page 43

Misspelling of "governments"

No one can possibly name all the commandeering by our thousands of goverments.

page 54

Left Single Quote changed to Right Single Quote (to match the rest of the book)

‘Tis a momentary idolatry, doubtless inspired by novel phrasings of his own ideas which excite him.

page 60

Misspelling of "politicians"

Then, to implement their degraded schemes—political nightmares—those politicans cultivate an enormous bureaucracy of a like-minded ilk.

page 88

Robinson (?) (Unchanged)

A Robinsoe Crusoe, of course, has no one to steal from.

page 97

Broken left quotation mark

[...] with animal fats to make possible a ‘’simple” pencil?

page 104

nazism (?) (Unchanged)

The latter has numerous contemporary labels: communism, Fabianism, fascism, naziism, and so on.

page 139

Missing em dash '—' before Matthew

Deeper Than You Think


page 98

Misspelling of "fulfill"

What a field for the would-be philanthropist if all these wants were within his power to fufill!


"Ortega y Gasset, Jose" is missing the 'é'.

Having My Way


page 38

Left Quotation needed

‘What? You expect me to give up the practices that are keeping me in business or in office?”

page 41

Missing space

[...] attack, fight, flaunt our superiority—for time is of the essence!This is the activist approach.

page 51

Misspelling of "constituents"

Confess this mistake to his constitutents?

How Do We Know


page 25

Left Single quote should be changed to Right single quote

‘Tis a megalomania:

page 97

The right ] in after "left" is accidentally italic

That ye resist not evil; but whosoever shall smite thee on the right cheek, turn to him the other [left] also.”

page 111

Misspelling of "unnecessary"

So, to avoid unncessary repetition, I shall quote what others have had to say about low ambitions.

Let Freedom Reign


Metadata Error

Title of the book is set as "Let Freedom Ring"

The Author And Publisher

"¿Por Que No Ensayar la Libertad" is missing the question mark at the end

page 75

Misspelling of "adequate"

[...] before I can pursue my bent or aptitude or obsession, I must gain an adquate, voluntary approval or assent!

page 125-126

Footnote numbers should be +1.

Liberty: Legacy of Truth


page 44

Missing 'o' in "philosopher"

Henri Frederic Amiel (1821-81), that remarkable Swiss philospher who devoted a lifetime to his private journal [...]

Seeds of Progress


page 37

Spacing Error

To symbolize the answer, take a handful of particles composed mostly of sawdust and a few iron or steel filings.Place a magnet over the particles and observe that only the filings are drawn to it.

page 51


As a solider overseas in WW I, I often heard and obeyed the command, “About Face.”

page 95


Contrary to liberal mythology, competition is as necessary to intellectual, moral and spritual growth as it is to an abundance of goods and services.

page 110

worldly (UNCHANGED)

In such ponderings, I begin to understand the awful temptation of those possessing fewer wordly goods to envy the ones who have more.

Talking to Myself


page 6


A captain of a plane in flight or ship at sea is constantly checking his bearings; his is the responsiblity for staying on course. To get off course is to court disaster.

page 36


By using this term, he acknowledges that his is not a rational commitment; for one of his undertanding, it couldn’t possibly be.

page 101


The list of those things I may please to do but cannot do under my rule is far too long ever to ennumerate.

page 103


But, beyond these limitations, whether in philanthrophy or charity or production and exchange or anything else creative, leave me free to do as I please lest my individuality be shorn away and destroyed rather than improved and expanded.

The Freedom Freeway


page 41


Seek ye first the kindom of God [...]

page 47

ever (?) (UNCHANGED)

They are generally considered the finest examples of the ESSAY every written.

The Love of Liberty


page 18


They have succeded in rendering a good term useless.

page 38


The wisdom that accounts for them is not in you or me; it derives from the overall lunimosity.

page 44


When government is in the politico-economic driver’s seat, politicans, bureaucrats, and their coercive allies, labor unions, sport that badge.

The Path of Duty


page 23


Of all the advantanges which come to any young man, I believe it to be demonstrably true that poverty is the greatest.

page 112


Dressed in a littlle brief authority,


Molière missing accent

The Free Or Freeze


page 45


Cre-activity has selfhood as its source.

page 52


The strong will first subordinate the weak and then contend amoung themselves for territorial mastery.

page 62

Accidental Left Quote

“Rules are meant for those expected to obey; principles for those expected to think.“

page 98


The late Lecomte du Noüy, a devout Christian and also a dintinguished scientist, deals with this question in his Human Destiny:

page 128


Those writers who lie on the watch for novelty can have little hope of greatness; for great things cannot have ex-caped former observation.

page 138


But let the renowned Dr. Myr-dal make the acknowlegment and we can cite an authority on how Swedish socialism is not working.

page 148

accidental space (throughout the book there were no spaces around an emdash

Frankly, I do not know. I only know that I will try to rely exclusively on free-market methods of education— consumers’ choice.

page 152


Individuals—millions of them—failed constantly to correct their moral and eithical positions as they ventured toward expanding horizons.

page 164

acquisition (?) UNCHANGED

The acquision of truth, no less than the avoidance of nonsense, demands conscious action.

page 185


Aside from admission to the UN, I have never seen this sentiment better dramatized than in one of America’s most presitigious magazines.

page 202

Accidental Right Quote

The greatest danger to your world or mine is error for “all error has poison at its heart” and ”so long as truth is absent, error will have free play.”

page 209

In Index. Röpke is missing 'ö'



page 11

fantastic, fanatic (?) UNCHANGED

The reason, as I see it, that Argentina’s fantasic inflation has not yet destroyed the economy and why productivity is improving, [...]

page 61

Footnote 3 is missing the book (has publisher, year, and page numbers only). Book is potentially The Road To Serfdom.

page 67


Liberty is but the flowering of human ascendancy in virtures and principles.

page 85

mercantilism (?) UNCHANGED

Their society is but a modem variation on primitive ways of life: serfdom, feudalism, merchantilism and the like.

page 102

Extra period

It worked like magic.!

page 118


They may gain some favors from politicans and others they praise.

page 130


And in one degree or another the same might be said of mortals such as Socrates, Maimonides, Francis of Assisi, Thomas Aquinas, Shakespeare, Spinoza, Issac Newton, Emerson, and Thoreau.

Who's Listening


Page xii: Chapter 19 is missing a period

page 151


The degree of closed-mindedness is not necessarily an accurate guage of how much one knows and understands!

page 155


Both saints and villians are found in the pages of history. The former are credited with leading us in the ways of virtue, while the latter lead us toward evil.

page 171

Neanderthals (?) UNCHANGED

I believe that man, millennia hence, is intended to excel us in this respect precisely as men of our time are markedly ahead of Neanderthalers.

Charles Rist

The Triumph of Gold


page 218

The heading "THE TRIUMPH OF GOLD" is missing on the upper left of the page.

Murray Rothbard

The Ethics of Liberty


http://mises.org/rothbard/ethics/nineteen.asp Chapter 19: "will then be an implicit heft of the property of the owners." (Same error occurs on the Mises Daily version: http://mises.org/daily/2580)

For a New Liberty


http://mises.org/rothbard/newlibertywhole.asp "In sort, forced labor at below free-market wages" should read "short"

What Has Government Done to Our Money


Page 71, paragaraph 4: "Sometimes they will permitted banks to susppend payment, as in the compulsory bank "holidays of 1933.""

William A. Scott

The Development of Economics


page 239

Missing 'r' in "perfect"

[...] ends whose beneficence is in pefect harmony with our ideas of the supreme wisdom [...]

page 300

Misspelling of "Ricardo"

Ricarado had reckoned costs in terms of the amount of common [...]

page 324

Missing 'at' in "devastated"

[...] the repatriation of the war personnel and its absorption into the home economies, the restoration of devasted territory, [...]

page 353

Missing 'l' in "impossible" and missing 'l' in "profitably"

But this is impossibe, since, when most profitaby employed, they can give only a return of 10.

page 366

Potential misspelling of "skillfully"

Böhm-Bawerk skilfully demonstrated the inadequacy [...]

page 388

Misspelling of "circumstances" ('s' to 'c')

But, besides this, there are other co-operating cirsumstances which work, [...]

page 404 actual

Missing 'i' in "altruistic"

[...] and therefore irrespective of the egoistic or altrustic nature of the motives which dictate them and which [...]

John V. Van Sickle

Introduction To Economics


page 47

Missing 'c' in "cycle"

We shall be concerned with the business cyle in later chapters and with the possibility of controlling [...]

page 146

Misspelling of "anomalous"

But competition cannot compel them to do so, and if they did so for reasons of sentiment or under compulsion, an anomolous situation would result.

page 159

Missing 'l' in "pollution"

Erosion control, stream polu-tion control, urban zoning ordinances, [...]

page 163

Missing 't' in "between"

Our first task is to define the “proper balance” beween the production of consumption goods and the production of capital goods.

page 235

Missing 'd' in "rapidly"

[...]restraint that only his elite were expected to practice would spread rapily to wider and wider groups as the discovery of cheap and relatively [...]

page 252

Missing 't' in "fortunate"

[...] only through trade with countries forunate enough to have mines within their territories or in the colonies under their control.

page 286

Missing '.' at the end of paragraph

[...] of confidence can cause sudden and violent changes which are not easily subject to government control

page 287

Extra space must be removed before period

In that event it would lead to a general rise of prices, i.e., to inflation .

page 303

Misspelling of "acceptability" ('i' should be 'a')

Usually the governments made these notes legal tender, which increased their general acceptibility but also made them forced loans.

page 312

Extra 'i' in "minimum"

To keep their reserves above the 25 percent legal minimium, they were forced to call loans.

page 453

Misspelling of "deficiencies" ('if' should be changed to 'e')

Health and educational services in particular suffer, and these difficiencies reduce the effectiveness of labor.

page 454

Misspelling of "entrants" ('x' should be 'n')

[...] considerably larger proportion of this group in the Southeast are potential extrants into the unskilled labor market in that region than [...]

page 471

Extra 'em' in "employed"

The management’s decision to expand employment involves the payment of higher wages not only to the additional workers, but to all those previously em-employed.

page 511

Missing 'i' in "capacity"

Real social security depends ultimately upon the capacty of an economic system to maintain a rate of capital formation at least [...]

page 529

The end of the page has a '.', this should be changed to ','.

page 537

Missing 'i' in "benefits"

[...] view of the burden on Mississippi taxpayers and the benfits to Mississippi’s needy aged, [...]

Footnote 3 is in the text but is missing from the bottom of the page.

page 555

Missing 't' in "Party"

[...] employment after the war and the avowedly socialist Labor Pary which held office from 1945 to the end of the decade [...]

page 604

Second "(2)" should be changed to (3)

(1) a budget balanced at the level determined by the normal functions of the State; (2) no effort to change the personal distribution of income through taxing and spending; (2) no long-term debt creation except for purposes of adding to the durable assets of the State.

page 650

Misspelling of "millennium" (needs a second 'n')

to the faithful on the strategy to be followed for bringing in the millenium.

page 670

Missing '.' after "differences" in order to match the rest of the book

Identify the resemblance and the differences

page 686

Missing 'i' in "ambitious"

Some men will always seek power, but, under private capitalism, ambitous men are induced to seek it indirectly through service and through the [...]

page 740

Indentation problem with "Marshall, Alfred, 388"

page 741

Indentation problem with "Keynesian analysis and, 397

Herbert Spencer

The Principles of Ethics: Volume I


page 62

Footnote is at bottom of page, but the * is not placed in text of the book.

page 293

Mispelling of "altruism" ('l' and 'a' should be swapped)

[...] and it cannot be denied that that negative latruism which is shown in refraining from injuring others, has increased.

page 437

Mispelling of "with" ('tt' should become 'it')

[...] rubbed from head to foot with stinking blubber, gorged to repletion wtth putrid meat [...]

The Principles of Ethics: Volume II


page 105

Missing 'd' in "deduced"

The knowledge thus obtained may be digested, re-organized and new knowledge educed from it by its possessor, [...]

page 228

Missing 'i' in "earlier"

§ 368. We saw (in Chap. XXIII.) that at a later stage of evolution a society may acquire a nature fundamentally unlike the nature it had at an earler stage; [...]

page 267

Extra 's' in "others"

There is inability to separate in thought those assertions of religious freedom which do not involve aggressions on otherss, from those which do involve aggressions on others, in the form of nuisances.

page 310

Misspelling of "interpretation" ("tration" should be changed to "tation")

[...] perversions of men’s beliefs caused by absence of that sympathetic interpretration which negative beneficence enjoins.

page 341

Missing 'i' in "administration"

Beyond the efficient household adminstration demanded alike by justice and by beneficence, [...]

page 363

Missing 'h' in "highest"

[...] since the highest individual nature and the higest social type, [...]

page 395

Extra 'sid' in "considerable"

[...] if gatherings for the interchange of ideas and mutual excitation of emotions add, in consid-siderable measure, to the gratifications of each and all; [...]

page 399

Extra 'sid' in "considered"

requirements which, indeed, will by most be denied, and by many will even be consid-sidered at variance with social obligations.

page 450

Missing 'r' in "progress"

I hold that the notions of what is right vary with the variations, and advance with the progess, of the social order.”

page 492

In the Index, there is a misspelling of "definiteness"

also defi-initeness,

Charles T. Sprading

Liberty and the Great Libertarians


page 67

Missing 'i' in "politicians"

Ask of politicans the ends for which laws were originally designed, and they will answer [...]

page 70

Missing 'i' in "politician"

But I demand of this politican, how [...]

page 72

Misspelling of "tyranny"

have felt more confusion, and committed more flagrant acts of tryanny, [...]

page 80

'r' should be removed from "hypocrisy"

If we would delineate human nature with a baseness of heart, and hyprocrisy of countenance,

page 93

Missing chapter number "IV."

page 103

Misspelling of "perscriptions" ('er' should become 're')

The volume in which justice records her perscriptions is forever increasing, and the world would not contain the books [...]

pages 104, 124, 148, 206, 228

The heading should be changed from "Liberterians" to "Libertarians"

page 124

Misspelling of "contrary" ('f' should be 'r')

It is the undertaking to decide that question for others, without allowing them to hear what can be said on the contrafy side.

page 130

Missing 'i' in "generality"

[...] he is either led by authority, or adopts, like the generalty of the world, [...]

page 131

Missing 's' in "discipline"

This dicipline recognizes a knowledge of the enemy’s case as beneficial to the teachers, [...]

page 146

Both "genuine" are misspelled (missing 'u')

Your geniune action will explain itself, and will explain your other geniune actions.

page 149

Misspelling of "Ralph"

Walph Raldo Emerson

page 150 Misspelling of "appearance" ('a' and 'n' should be swapped)

The appearnace of character makes the State unnecessary.

page 158

Missing ',' after "Liberator"

and especially must he be sure to count the cost and act intelligently.—Liberator 1862.

page 163

Extra space in "fundamentalism"

Government is the fundamental ism of the soldier, bigot, and priest.

page 171

Second 'it' is missing in "repetition"

[...] but the unremitted repition of one dull unvarying sound would either not command attention or make us run mad.

page 187

Misspelling of "medieval" ('a' and 'e' should be swapped)

[...] and so the laymen at last learned wisdom and no longer believed in the mediavel “truth.”

page 227

Extra 't' in "consistently"

By assuming an attitude which, if consist-tently maintained, implies a right to ignore the State entirely.

page 237

Missing 'id' in "individualities"

The indivualities of the grains of sand which compose the beach, [...]

page 238

Missing 'i' in "peculiarities"

He cannot divest himself of his organic peculiarties of character, any more than he can divest himself of his features.

page 241

Misspelling of "individual sovereignty"

It would, perhaps, be injudicious to conclude this exhibit of the doctrine of the indivudal soveriegnity,

page 242

Extra 'r' in "interfering"

sovereignty beyond those limits without trenching upon, and interferring with,

'ie' should be 'ei' in "sovereign"

“the soveriegnty of the individual, to be exercised at his own cost.”

page 244

Misspelling of "and" ('m' should be 'n')

The oppressed classes do not want charity, but justice, amd with simple justice the necessity for charity will disappear or be reduced to a minimum.

Extra 'c' in "necessary"

The almshouse and the foundling hospital may be neccessary and laudable charities,

page 249

Missing 'n' in "harmonize"

[...] the wills of the governor and the governed concur, and blend, and harmoize with each other.

page 255

Missing 'i' in "religious"

I am approached with the most opposite opinions and advice, and by religous men who are certain they represent the Divine will

page 262

Misspelling of "the" ('s' should be 'e')

The jury must also judge of ths laws of evidence.

page 264

Missing 're' in "representing"

[...] and that to allow a jury rep-senting the people to invalidate the acts of the government would therefore be arraying the people against themselves.

page 269

Missing 't' in "itself"

The government iself never acknowledges this right.

page 275

Missing 'l' in "splendid"

We have been saved by that spendid thing called independence,

page 308

Extra 's' in "deposits"

2. From the power to monopolize land, which enables them to prevent others from using coal desposits which they will not use themselves.

page 320

Misspelling of "people" ('oe' should be 'eo')

[...] and they not only do not promote the internal well-being of their poeple, but they ruin and corrupt them.

page 325

Misspelling if "deity" ('ie' should be 'ei')

[...] but because for their own liberty and welfare are needed services and sacrifices to the diety called Government; [...]

page 341

Missing 'e' in "severely"

It sounds Utopian, but it really rests on severly economic grounds.

page 342

Missing '.' after cent

[...] of less than one per cent, not as interest for the use of capital, but as pay for the labor of running the banks.

page 348

Missing 'n' in "government"

Anarchists, in favoring the abolition of governmet, favor the abolition of invasion, not of protection against invasion.

page 354

Misspelling of "enormous"

But, if individuals can do so much, what shall be said of the emomous and utterly irresistible power of a large and intelligent minority, [...]

page 366

Missing 'd' in "knowledge"

[...] who wandered about, offering their adventurous spirit, their arms, and their knowlege of warfare for the protection of populations, [...]

page 376

Misspelling of "individualist"

Such are the signs which appear even now in our invi-vidualist societies.

page 427

No period after "Labor"

Labor—Of the means of production there are two classes

page 432

Extra 'e' in "Even"

Eeven if labor were the only source of and the only ingredient in value,

page 435

Missing 'e' in "obeyed"

[...] cannot even understand how it is possible to work without a master who must be obyed, because he can hire and discharge, pay and punish [...]

page 443

Misspelling of "equation" ('s' should be 'a')

The modern woman sees plainly enough that no decent advance of her sex is possible until this whole equstion is fairly faced

page 444

Misspelling of "instincts" (missing 'n') and misspelling of "perversion" ('re' should be 'er')

Here in sex, the women’s insticts are, as a rule, so clean, so direct, so well-rooted in the needs of the race, that except for man’s domination they would scarcely have suffered this preversion.

page 445

Missing 'l' in "complains"

[...] compains that nowadays “the notion that women require strength, [...]

page 452

Missing 'y' in "polygamy"

Nor is it necessary to suppose that pol-gamy in certain countries and races is by any means so degrading or unsuccessful an institution as some folk would have it to be.

page 453

Missing 'l' in "subtlety"

[...] on the other hand it is obvious that as the depth and subtelty of any attachment that will really hold him increases, [...]

page 472

Extra space in "imprisonment"

[...] which was written during the last months of his imprison ment.

page 473

Missing 'o' in "philosopher"

[...] well, nowadays the man of science and the philospher would be considerably amused.

page 495

Missing 'di' in "individual"

He is an invidual annihilated, not disciplined.

page 509

Missing 'n' in "Syndicalism"

But Sydicalism has also a directly positive aspect.

Charles Callan Tansill

Back Door To War - The Roosevelt Foreign Policy: 1933-1941


page 22

Missing second 's' in "Commission"

In December 1921, General Henry T. Allen sent to Secretary Hughes a complaint that had been filed with the High Commision by a delegation of German workingmen [...]

page 86

Missing 'i' in "victory"

The result was a diplomatic vctory for China.

page 164

Missing 'n' in "domination"

A new drama that would end on a curtain line announcing Russian domi-ation of the Far East, had opened with an ominous fanfare.

page 256

Missing 'o' in "international"

The League should be an instrument for internatinal conciliation and not "an international war office.”

page 314

Missing 'p' in "correspondingly"

[...] record vote in his favor and a corresondingly strong springboard for his next international move.

page 462

Extra 'i' in "insisted"

He insisited that "first firing positively was by the Chinese. [...]

page 625

Missing 'l' in "particularly"

He and Ribbentrop were particulary intimate.

Jacob Viner

Studies In The Theory of International Trade


page 85

Extra 'i' in "inconveniences"

These inconveniencies, when arising from a plenty of real money, are fully compensated by the riches which occasioned them, [...]

page 234

Missing 'm' in "maximum"

The Bank Act of 1844, in setting a maxium limit for the note issues of the country banks and in providing for the eventual [...]

page 348

Extra 't' in "constituent"

[...] since under these assumptions relative variations in the prices or the volume of consumption of the constitutent items of the composite native commodity cannot result merely from a change in the total expenditures of the representative consumer.

page 394

Footnote 4 is missing its placement in the text

page 445

Extra 'l' in "illustration"

[...] had presented an arithmetical illlustration similar to those used by James Mill, [...]

page 518

Missing 'n' in "complementary"

The two approaches are complemetary, rather than contradictory.

page 628

Misspelling of "corn"

An essay on the external coin trade




"What Austrian Scholars Should Know About Logic (Any Why)" (Steven Yates Vol. 8 Num. 3)



-P.7 "extincicism" -P.9 "Mental blinkers" (blinders?) -P.10 "positivism4"