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Country summary





Government type

self-governing parliamentary democracy


1,398 (July 2010 est.)[1]

Population growth

-0.032% (2010 est.)[1]

Life expectancy



12% (2001)[1]

Niue's remoteness, as well as cultural and linguistic differences between its Polynesian inhabitants and those of the rest of the Cook Islands, have caused it to be separately administered. The population of the island continues to drop (from a peak of 5,200 in 1966 to an estimated 1,398 in 2009) with substantial emigration to New Zealand 2,400 km to the southwest.[1]

Economical characteristics

  • Currency: New Zealand dollar (ISO code: NZD)
  • This country does not seem to have a central bank.


Statistic / Year 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
GDP (USD)[2]
Govt. debt (% of GDP)[3]
Govt. revenue (% of GDP)[4]
Govt. expenses (% of GDP)[5]
Debt to revenue (years)


Note: statistical data was rounded. Different sources may use different methodologies for their estimates. Debt to revenue is calculated by dividing the two variables from their original ('unrounded') values. It represents how long it would a government take to repay its entire debt if it used its whole revenue for this purpose.

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 CIA - The World Factbook. "Niue", from The World Factbook. Referenced 2010-10-05.
  2. World Bank. "Niue: GDP", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-10-05.
  3. World Bank. "Niue: government debt", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-10-05.
  4. World Bank. "Niue: government revenue", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-10-05.
  5. World Bank. "Niue: government expenses", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-10-05.