Panic of 1901

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The Panic of 1901 was the first stock market crash on the New York Stock Exchange, caused in part by struggles between E. H. Harriman, Jacob Schiff, and J. P. Morgan/James J. Hill for the financial control of the Northern Pacific Railway. The stock cornering was orchestrated by James Stillman and William Rockefeller's First National City Bank financed with Standard Oil money. After reaching a compromise, the moguls formed the Northern Securities Company. As a result of the panic, thousands of small investors were ruined.[1]

This article uses content from the Wikipedia article on Panic_of_1901 (edition) under the terms of the CC-by-SA 3.0 license.


  1. "FDIC: Learning Bank", referenced 2011-02-24.