Racial segregation in the United States
Racial segregation in the United States refers to both the compulsory segregation imposed by various governments during the 19th and 20th centuries and the voluntary segregation of individual residents of the United States according to race.
Jim Crow laws
"Jim Crow" laws were laws in effect in the southern United States between 1876 and 1965, which mandated segregated public schools, public places, and public transportation.
Some public transportation companies, such as streetcar companies, actively opposed the introduction of Jim Crow laws in the South.
- Jennifer Roback, “The Political Economy of Segregation: The Case of Segregated Streetcars.” Journal of Economic History 56, no. 4 (December 1986): 893–917.