Smuggling is the conveyance of things by stealth, particularly the clandestine movement of goods to evade customs duties or import or export restrictions.
Smuggling flourishes wherever there are high-revenue duties (e.g., on tea, spirits, and silks in 18th-century England, coffee in many European countries, and tobacco almost everywhere) or prohibitions on import (narcotics) or on export (arms and currency).
- Encyclopædia Britannica Online. "smuggling", referenced 16 June, 2014.
- "How Smugglers Made America" by Mark Thornton, June 2014
- Smuggling in 18th and 19th century Britain
- Smuggled Goods and Products information
- The Economics of Cigarette Taxes by Don Mathews
- "Jefferson's Disastrous Embargo" by H.A. Scott Trask, August 2010 (from chapter 3 of Reassessing the Presidency)
- Smuggling at Wikipedia