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Country summary




Afghanistan 1,206 km, China 414 km, Kyrgyzstan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161 km

Government type



7,349,145 (July 2010 est.)[1]

Population growth

1.878% (2010 est.)[1]

Life expectancy

65.33 years[1]


2.2% (2009 est.)[1]

Index of Economic Freedom


Corruption Perceptions Index


Doing Business ranking


The Tajik people came under Russian rule in the 1860s and 1870s, but Russia's hold on Central Asia weakened following the Revolution of 1917. Bolshevik control of the area was fiercely contested and not fully reestablished until 1925. Much of present-day Sughd province was transferred from the Uzbek SSR to the newly formed Tajik SSR in 1929. Ethnic Uzbeks form a substantial minority in Sughd province. Tajikistan became independent in 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union, and experienced a civil war between regional factions from 1992-97. There have been no major security incidents in recent years, although the country remains the poorest in the former Soviet sphere. Attention by the international community since the beginning of the NATO intervention in Afghanistan has brought increased economic development and security assistance, which could create jobs and strengthen stability in the long term. Tajikistan is in the early stages of seeking World Trade Organization membership and has joined NATO's Partnership for Peace.[1]

Economical characteristics

  • Currency: Somoni (ISO code: TJS)
  • Central bank discount rate: NA% (31 December 2008)[1]
  • Commercial banks lending rate: 23.1% (31 December 2008)[1]
  • Stock of money (M1): $656.1 million (31 December 2008)[1]
  • Quasi money (with M1 makes M2): $235.3 million (31 December 2008)[1]

Notable events:


Statistic / Year 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
GDP (million USD)[6] 1 087 861 1 081 1 221 1 554 2 076 2 311 2 811 3 712 5 134
Govt. debt (% of GDP)[7] 151.544 114.072 79.804
Govt. revenue (% of GDP)[8] 10.185 10.627 11.259 13.163 13.451
Govt. expenses (% of GDP)[9] 10.008 8.955 9.482 11.177 13.748
Debt to revenue (years) 14.879 10.734 7.088


Note: statistical data was rounded. Different sources may use different methodologies for their estimates. Debt to revenue is calculated by dividing the two variables from their original ('unrounded') values. It represents how long it would a government take to repay its entire debt if it used its whole revenue for this purpose.

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 CIA - The World Factbook. "Tajikistan", from The World Factbook. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  2. Heritage Foundation. "Tajikistan", Economic Freedom Score. A lower ranking is better; but please be careful when comparing between different countries or years. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  3. Transparency International. "Tajikistan", Corruption Perceptions Index 2009. A lower ranking is better; but please note that the numbers cannot be compared between countries or years due to different methodology. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  4. Doing Business. "Tajikistan", Doing Business 2010 (part of The World Bank Group). A lower ranking is better; but please be careful when comparing between different countries or years. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  5. Carmen M. Reinhart and Kenneth S. Rogoff. "This Time is Different", Princeton University Press, ISBN 978-0-691-14216-6, p. 385. (The list does not claim to be complete.) Referenced 2011-07-21.
  6. World Bank. "Tajikistan: GDP", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  7. World Bank. "Tajikistan: government debt", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  8. World Bank. "Tajikistan: government revenue", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  9. World Bank. "Tajikistan: government expenses", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-09-30.