Thomas Jefferson

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Thomas Jefferson
Portrait of Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale.

In office
March 4, 1801 – March 4, 1809
Vice President Aaron Burr
George Clinton
Preceded by John Adams
Succeeded by James Madison

In office
March 4, 1797 – March 4, 1801
President John Adams
Preceded by John Adams
Succeeded by Aaron Burr

In office
March 22, 1790 – December 31, 1793
President George Washington
Preceded by John Jay (Acting)
Succeeded by Edmund Randolph

In office
May 17, 1785 – September 26, 1789
Nominated by Congress of the Confederation
Preceded by Benjamin Franklin
Succeeded by William Short

In office
November 1, 1783 – May 7, 1784
Preceded by James Madison
Succeeded by Richard Henry Lee

In office
June 1, 1779 – June 3, 1781
Preceded by Patrick Henry
Succeeded by William Fleming

In office
June 20, 1775 – September 26, 1776
Preceded by George Washington
Succeeded by John Harvie

Born April 13, 1743(1743-04-13)
Shadwell, Virginia
Died July 4, 1826(1826-07-04) (aged 83)
Charlottesville, Virginia, United States
Political party Democratic-Republican Party
Spouse(s) Martha Wayles
Children Martha
Lucy Elizabeth
Alma mater College of William and Mary
Profession Planter
Religion See article

Thomas Jefferson (13 April [O.S. 2 April] 1743–4 July 1826) was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776) and the third President of the United States (1801–1809). He was an influential Founding Father, and an exponent of Jeffersonian democracy. Jefferson envisioned America as a great "Empire of Liberty" that would promote republicanism.[1]


  1. Robert W. Tucker, and David C. Hendrickson, Empire of Liberty: The Statecraft of Thomas Jefferson (1990)


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