Ludwig von Mises Institute

Uzbekistan

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Country summary

Capital

Tashkent (Toshkent)

Borders

Afghanistan 137 km, Kazakhstan 2,203 km, Kyrgyzstan 1,099 km, Tajikistan 1,161 km, Turkmenistan 1,621 km

Government type

republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch

Population

27,606,007 (July 2010 est.)[1]

Population growth

0.935% (2010 est.)[1]

Life expectancy

71.96 years[1]

Unemployment

1.1% (2009 est.)[1]

Index of Economic Freedom

158[2]

Corruption Perceptions Index

174[3]

Doing Business ranking

150[4]


Russia conquered the territory of present-day Uzbekistan in the late 19th century. Stiff resistance to the Red Army after the Boshevik Revolution was eventually suppressed and a socialist republic established in 1924. During the Soviet era, intensive production of "white gold" (cotton) and grain led to overuse of agrochemicals and the depletion of water supplies, which have left the land poisoned and the Aral Sea and certain rivers half dry. Independent since 1991, the country seeks to gradually lessen its dependence on agriculture while developing its mineral and petroleum reserves. Current concerns include terrorism by Islamic militants, economic stagnation, and the curtailment of human rights and democratization.[1]

Economical characteristics[edit]

  • Currency: Uzbekistan som (O'zbekiston so'mi) (ISO code: UZS)
  • Central bank discount rate: [1]
  • Commercial banks lending rate: [1]
  • Stock of money (M1): [1]
  • Quasi money (with M1 makes M2): [1]


Statistics[edit]

Statistic / Year 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
GDP (million USD)[5] 17 078 13 760 11 401 9 688 10 128 12 030 14 308 17 031 22 308 27 934
Govt. debt (% of GDP)[6]
Govt. revenue (% of GDP)[7]
Govt. expenses (% of GDP)[8]
Debt to revenue (years)

References[edit]

Note: statistical data was rounded. Different sources may use different methodologies for their estimates. Debt to revenue is calculated by dividing the two variables from their original ('unrounded') values. It represents how long it would a government take to repay its entire debt if it used its whole revenue for this purpose.

  1. ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 CIA - The World Factbook. "Uzbekistan", from The World Factbook. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  2. ↑ Heritage Foundation. "Uzbekistan", Economic Freedom Score. A lower ranking is better; but please be careful when comparing between different countries or years. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  3. ↑ Transparency International. "Uzbekistan", Corruption Perceptions Index 2009. A lower ranking is better; but please note that the numbers cannot be compared between countries or years due to different methodology. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  4. ↑ Doing Business. "Uzbekistan", Doing Business 2010 (part of The World Bank Group). A lower ranking is better; but please be careful when comparing between different countries or years. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  5. ↑ World Bank. "Uzbekistan: GDP", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  6. ↑ World Bank. "Uzbekistan: government debt", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  7. ↑ World Bank. "Uzbekistan: government revenue", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  8. ↑ World Bank. "Uzbekistan: government expenses", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-09-30.

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