Natural law

From Mises Wiki, the global repository of classical-liberal thought
Jump to: navigation, search

Natural law is the view that there exists an absolute and eternal standard of value.[1] Alternatively, natural law can be seen as an "ultimate measure of right and wrong, as the pattern of the good life or life according to nature".[2] Natural law is seen as a form of justice or set of laws which human authority can express, or ought to express, but does not create.[2] Law which is created by humans is often termed positive law. Natural law is closely related to the position of objective ethics, as contrasted to subjective ethics, whereby it is believed that value judgments are able to satisfy a truth function, i.e., be judged as being either true or false. The source of natural law has been attributed at various times to divine power, the structure of the universe, or the result of human's capacity to reason.


  1. Ludwig von Mises. Theory and History, 1985, page 44.
  2. 2.0 2.1 D'Entreves, A.P., "Natural Law: A Historical Survey", 1951, page 7.