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Ron Paul

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Ron Paul

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 14th district
Incumbent
Assumed office 
January 3, 1997
Preceded by Greg Laughlin

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 22nd district
In office
January 3, 1979 – January 3, 1985
Preceded by Robert Gammage
Succeeded by Tom DeLay
In office
April 3, 1976 – January 3, 1977
Preceded by Robert R. Casey
Succeeded by Robert Gammage

Born (1935-08-20) August 20, 1935 (age 78)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Political party Republican (1976–1988)
Libertarian (1988 Presidential Election)
Republican (1988–present)
Spouse(s) Carolyn "Carol" Paul
Children Ronald "Ronnie" Paul, Jr.
Lori Paul Pyeatt
Randal "Rand" Paul
Robert Paul
Joy Paul-LeBlanc
Residence Lake Jackson, Texas
Alma mater Gettysburg College (B.S.)
Duke University (M.D.)
Profession Physician, Politician
Religion Christian (Baptist)[1]
Signature
Website U.S. House of Representatives Office of Ron Paul
Military service
Service/branch United States Air Force
United States Air National Guard
Years of service 1963–1965
1965–1968

Ronald Ernest "Ron" Paul (born August 20, 1935) is an American physician and was a 12-term Congressman from Texas. He is President of the FREE Foundation, Distinguished Counsellor to the Mises Instituteβ€”which he helped Lew Rockwell foundβ€”and the author of eight books. He is continuing his work for peace, liberty, sound money, and Austrian economics.

Life[edit]

"Ron" Paul was a Republican Congressman for the 14th congressional district of Texas. Paul was a member of the Liberty Caucus of Republican congressmen which aims to limit the size and scope of the federal government,[2] and served on the House Foreign Affairs Committee, the Joint Economic Committee, and the Committee on Financial Services, where he has been an outspoken critic of American foreign and monetary policy. He has gained prominence for his libertarian positions on many political issues, often clashing with both Republican and Democratic Party leaders.

Paul was a candidate for the Republican nominee for President of the United States in 2012. He has run for President twice previously, first in 1988 as the nominee of the Libertarian Party and again in 2008 as a candidate for the Republican Party nomination.

Political Positions[edit]

Paul has been described as conservative, Constitutionalist, and libertarian.[3] His nickname "Dr. No"[4] reflects both his medical degree and his insistence that he will "never vote for legislation unless the proposed measure is expressly authorized by the Constitution."[5] One scoring method published in the American Journal of Political Science[6] found Paul the most conservative of all 3,320 members of Congress from 1937 to 2002.[7] Paul's foreign policy of nonintervention[8] made him the only 2008 Republican presidential candidate to have voted against the Iraq War Resolution in 2002. He advocates withdrawal from the United Nations, and from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, for reasons of maintaining strong national sovereignty.[9] He supports free trade, rejecting membership in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the World Trade Organization as "managed trade". He supports tighter border security and opposes welfare for illegal aliens, birthright citizenship and amnesty;[10] he voted for the Secure Fence Act of 2006. He voted for the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Terrorists in response to the September 11, 2001, attacks, but suggested war alternatives such as authorizing the president to grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal targeting specific terrorists.

Paul adheres deeply to Austrian school economics; he has authored six books on the subject, and displays pictures of Austrian school economists Friedrich Hayek, Murray Rothbard, and Ludwig von Mises (as well as of Grover Cleveland)[11] on his office wall. He regularly votes against almost all proposals for new government spending, initiatives, or taxes;[12] he cast two thirds of all the lone negative votes in the House during a 1995–1997 period.[4] He has pledged never to raise taxes[13] and states he has never voted to approve a budget deficit. Paul believes that the country could abolish the individual income tax by scaling back federal spending to its fiscal year 2000 levels;[14][15] financing government operations would primarily come through the corporate income tax, excise taxes and tariffs. He supports eliminating most federal government agencies, calling them unnecessary bureaucracies. Paul also believes the longterm erosion of the U.S. dollar's purchasing power through inflation is attributable to its lack of any commodity backing. However, Paul does not support a complete return to a gold standard, instead preferring to legitimize gold and silver as legal tender and to remove the sales tax on them.[16] He also advocates gradual elimination of the Federal Reserve System.[17]

Paul supports constitutional rights, such as the right to keep and bear arms, and habeas corpus for political detainees. He opposes the Patriot Act, federal use of torture, presidential autonomy, a national ID card, domestic surveillance, and the draft. Citing the Ninth and Tenth Amendments, Paul advocates states' rights to decide how to regulate social matters not directly found in the Constitution. Paul calls himself "strongly pro-life",[18] "an unshakable foe of abortion",[19] and believes regulation or ban[20] on medical decisions about maternal or fetal health is "best handled at the state level".[21][22] He says his years as an obstetrician led him to believe life begins at conception;[23] his pro-life legislation, like the Sanctity of Life Act, is intended to negate Roe v. Wade and to get "the federal government completely out of the business of regulating state matters."[24] Paul also believes that the federal government has no constitutional authority to interfere in the religious affairs of its citizens or of the several states: "In case after case, the Supreme Court has used the infamous 'separation of church and state' metaphor to uphold court decisions that allow the federal government to intrude upon and deprive citizens of their religious liberty."[25]

He opposes federal regulation of the death penalty,[21] of education,[26] and of marriage, and supports revising the military's "don't ask, don't tell" policy to focus on disruptive sexual behavior (whether heterosexual or homosexual).[27] As a free-market environmentalist, he asserts private property rights in relation to environmental protection and pollution prevention. He also opposes the federal War on Drugs,[28] and thinks the states should decide whether to regulate or deregulate drugs such as medical marijuana.[29] Paul pushes to eliminate federal involvement in and management of health care, which he argues would allow prices to drop due to the fundamental dynamics of a free market.[30] He is an outspoken proponent for increased ballot access for 3rd party candidates and numerous election law reforms which he believes would allow more voter control.[31] Ron Paul has also stated that β€œThe government shouldn't be in the medical business." He is also opposed to government flu inoculation programs.[32]

Paul takes a critical view of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, arguing that it was unconstitutional and did not improve race relations.[33]

Bibliography[edit]

See Also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ↑ "Ron Paul Background". Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life: Religion & Politics '08. Pew Research Center. September 2007. http://pewforum.org/religion08/profile.php?CandidateID=15. Retrieved 2007-10-21. 
  2. ↑ Eric Margolis. "Doc offers cure for GOP". http://www.winnipegsun.com/comment/columnists/eric_margolis/2009/07/05/10029916-sun.html. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  3. ↑ Caldwell, Christopher (2007-07-22). "The Antiwar, Anti-Abortion, Anti-Drug-Enforcement-Administration, Anti-Medicare Candidacy of Dr. Ron Paul". New York Times Magazine. Retrieved 2007-07-23. 
  4. ↑ 4.0 4.1 Gwynne, Sam C. (2001-10-01). "Dr. No". Texas Monthly. http://www.texasmonthly.com/2001-10-01/feature7.php. Retrieved 2007-10-23. 
  5. ↑ "About Ron Paul". Ron Paul 2008. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-10-23. http://web.archive.org/web/20071023173254/http://www.ronpaul2008.com/about/. Retrieved 2007-10-23. 
  6. ↑ Poole, Keith T. (July 1998). "Estimating a Basic Space From A Set of Issue Scales". American Journal of Political Science 42 (3): 954–993. doi:10.2307/2991737. http://voteview.com/basic.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  7. ↑ Poole, Keith T. (2004-10-13). "Is John Kerry A Liberal?". VoteView. http://voteview.com/Is_John_Kerry_A_Liberal.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  8. ↑ Paul, Ron (2007-05-22). "Patriotism". Congressional Record (U.S. House of Representatives). Retrieved 2007-10-23. 
  9. ↑ Ron Paul, Opportunities for Peace and Nonintervention, LewRockwell.com, January 6, 2009.
  10. ↑ Paul, Ron. "Issue: Border Security and Immigration Reform". Ron Paul 2008. http://www.ronpaulforcongress.com/html/bordersecurity.html. Retrieved 2010-06-20. 
  11. ↑ Will, George F (2007-02-18). "A Cheerful Anachronism". Newsweek. Retrieved 2008-03-17. 
  12. ↑ Copeland, Libby (2006-07-09). "Congressman Paul's Legislative Strategy? He'd Rather Say Not". Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-10-23. 
  13. ↑ Kartch, John (2007-04-24). "Rep. Ron Paul Signs Presidential Taxpayer Protection Pledge". Americans for Tax Freedom. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071011150929/http://atr.org/content/html/2007/april/042407pr-ronpaul_pledge.html. Retrieved 2007-10-23. 
  14. ↑ Paul, Ron (2003-01-30). "End the Income Tax β€” Pass the Liberty Amendment". Congressional Record. U.S. House of Representatives. Archived from the original on March 1, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080301111946/http://www.house.gov/paul/congrec/congrec2003/cr013003c.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-08. 
  15. ↑ "Paul Want Less Government, Less Taxes, and Abolish IRS". Antiwar President. 2007-09-13. Archived from the original on 2007-07-05. http://web.archive.org/web/20070705203920/http://www.antiwarpresident.com/ronpaul/Ron-Paul-less-government-abolish-IRS.html. Retrieved 2007-10-23. 
  16. ↑ "Ron Paul in New Hampshire" (YouTube). 2007-06-05. http://youtube.com/watch?v=RKQmYfY3R7c. 
  17. ↑ Paul, Ron (2007-09-11). "Question and Answer session following Keynote speech at the Johns Hopkins Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies forum "Foreign Policy: A View from a Presidential Candidate"". Ron Paul Audio. Retrieved 2007-10-23.  [dead link]
  18. ↑ Paul, Ron (1999-10-27). "Providing for Consideration of H.R. 2260, Pain Relief Promotion Act of 1999". Congressional Record. U.S. House of Representatives. Archived from the original on September 8, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070908011246/http://www.house.gov/paul/congrec/congrec99/cr102799.htm. Retrieved 2007-09-27. 
  19. ↑ Paul, Ron (2007). "Life and Liberty". Ron Paul 2008. Archived from the original on 2007-10-24. http://web.archive.org/web/20071024143701/http://www.ronpaul2008.com/issues/life-and-liberty/. Retrieved 2007-10-23. 
  20. ↑ Paul, Ron (2006-01-31). "Federalizing Social Policy". Congressional Record. U.S. House of Representatives. Archived from the original on December 29, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071229014649/http://www.house.gov/paul/tst/tst2006/tst013006.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-04. 
  21. ↑ 21.0 21.1 Lofton, John (August 2007). "Excerpts From Our Exclusive Ron Paul Interview". American View. http://theamericanview.com/index.php?id=916. Retrieved 2007-10-23. 
  22. ↑ "Paul says merger plans must be derailed: 'You cannot amend the Constitution with a treaty'". Election 2008 Q&A (WorldNetDaily). 2007-07-10. Retrieved 2007-10-23. 
  23. ↑ Murtagh, Joseph (2007-06-28). "An Interview with Presidential Candidate Congressman Ron Paul". Muckraker Report (Team Liberty). Archived from the original on 2007-10-18. Retrieved 2007-09-27. 
  24. ↑ Eddlem, Thomas R. (2005-05-02). "Who had the right to rule?". New American. American Opinion Publishing, Inc. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Who+had+the+right+to+rule%3F+Accusations+about+the+abuses+of...-a0132162835. Retrieved 2007-10-05. 
  25. ↑ "Ron Paul's Texas Straight Talk". http://www.house.gov/paul/congrec/congrec2003/cr040203b.htm. 
  26. ↑ "Ron Paul on Education: Republican Representative (TX-14)". On the Issues. 2007-09-01. http://www.ontheissues.org/2008/Ron_Paul_Education.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-23. 
  27. ↑ Paul, Ron (2007-06-05). "Transcript of June 5 "CNN/WMUR/New Hampshire Union Leader" Republican presidential debate". CNN. Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  28. ↑ Paul, Ron (2004-04-17). "The War on Drugs is a War on Doctors". Congressional Record. U.S. House of Representatives. Archived from the original on August 2, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080802163713/http://www.house.gov/paul/tst/tst2004/tst051704.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  29. ↑ "H.R. 2592". Library of Congress. 2001-07-23. http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d107:HR02592. Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  30. ↑ Paul, Ron (2004-05-05). "Free market Medicine". LewRockwell.com. http://www.lewrockwell.com/paul/paul175.html. Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  31. ↑ Paul, Ron (2004-07-15). "End the Two-Party Monopoly!". Congressional Record (House of Representatives). Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-23. 
  32. ↑ Malcolm, Arthur (2009-04-30) "Ron Paul pooh-poohs swine flu; yet another grab for more Fed control!", LA Times blogs. Retrieved on 2009-10-7.
  33. ↑ "The Trouble With Forced Integration by Ron Paul". http://www.lewrockwell.com/paul/paul188.html. Retrieved May 24, 2010. 

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