From Mises Wiki, the global repository of classical-liberal thought
June 1 ( ):
- 1660 – After repeated expulsions, Mary Dryer was executed for violating the Massachusetts Bay Colony's anti-Quaker law.
June 3 ():
June 4 ():
- 1989 – Chinese soldiers successfully cleared Tiananmen Square of protesters, killing at least several hundred of them.
June 5 ():
June 6 ():
- 1934 – The Securities and Exchange Commission was established with the passage of the Securities Exchange Act.
- 2005 – The US Supreme Court ruled that, under the Commerce Clause, the growing of cannibis for personal use can be regulated and prohibited by Congress.
June 7 ():
- 1776 – Richard Henry Lee offered the Lee Resolution in the Second Continental Congress, calling for a declaration of independence.
June 8 ():
June 9 ():
- 1915 – US Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan resigned in protest of President Woodrow Wilson's belligerence toward Germany prior to US entry into World War I.
- 1973 – Secretariat won the Belmont Stakes by 31 lengths, thereby winning the Triple Crown and rewarding his owners, who had nearly been forced to sell him due to the estate tax.
June 12 ():
- 1898 – The Philippines declared independence, but the refusal of the United States to recognize it led to the Philippine–American War.
June 13 ():
- 1971 – The New York Times began publishing the "Pentagon Papers," revealing secrets related to the Vietnam War and embarrassing several presidents.
- 2003 – Alaska became the first state to enact "right-to-carry" legislation, eliminating the permit requirement for the carrying of firearms.
June 14 ():
- 1966 – The Vatican announced the abolition of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum (index of prohibited books), which was originally instituted in 1557.
June 15 ():
- 1898 – The American Anti-Imperialist League was founded to protest US annexation of the Philippines; among its members were Mark Twain, Andrew Carnegie, and William Graham Sumner.
June 16 ():
- 1933 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the National Industrial Recovery Act, establishing the National Recovery Administration with broad regulatory powers over industry.
June 17 ():
- 1930 – The Smoot–Hawley Tariff Act was signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, raising tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods.
- 1971 – President Richard Nixon declared illegal drug use to be "public enemy number one," officially beginning the War on Drugs.
- 1972 – Five men were arrested for breaking into the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters, leading to the Watergate scandal and President Nixon's resignation.
June 18 ():
- 1787 – Alexander Hamilton presented his "British Plan" of government at the US Constitutional Convention, in which he called for a monarchy-like government.
- 1815 – The Battle of Waterloo resulted in the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte by the Duke of Wellington forcing him to abdicate the throne of France for the second and last time.
June 19 ():
- 1861 – Members of the second Wheeling Convention passed an act to organize the Restored Government of Virginia, effectively seceding from Virginia.
June 20 ():
- 1863 – In the midst of the American Civil War, the Union accepted West Virginia as a state, legitimizing its secession from Virginia.
June 21 ():
June 22 ():
- 1990 – Checkpoint Charlie, the best-known Berlin Wall crossing point during the Cold War, was dismantled.
June 23 ():
- 2005 – The US Supreme Court ruled that the coerced transfer of land from one private owner to another is constitutional if economic development is an expected result.
June 24 ():
- 1968 – Last day that silver bullion could be redeemed by the United States Department of the Treasury.
June 25 ():
- 1938 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Fair Labor Standards Act, establishing the nation's first minimum wage and prohibiting most child labor.
- 1950 – The Korean War broke out as a result of the political division of Korea in the aftermath of World War II.
June 26 ():
- 1934 – The Uniform Firearms Act was enacted, imposing registration requirements and high taxes on short rifles and shotguns, suppressors, and automatic firearms.
- 2008 – The U. S. Supreme Court ruled that the 2nd amendment protects an individual right to keep and bear arms.
June 27 ():
June 28 ():
- 1914 – Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, was assassinated, precipitating World War I.
- 1919 – The Treaty of Versailles was signed by Germany and the Allies, imposing stiff territorial and financial concessions on Germany.
June 29 ():
- 1776 – Virginia adopted a new constitution, declaring its independence from Great Britain days before the signing of the US Declaration of Independence.
June 30 ():