Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1757 – July 12, 1804) was a nationalist thinker and politician during the American Revolution and founding of the United States. He was a committed Federalist who served as George Washington's Secretary of the Treasury, and was a political opponent of Democratic-Republican Thomas Jefferson.
Hamilton participated in the convention that produced the Constitution of the United States, arguing for a more nationalist and monarchical system. He strongly supported ratification, using the Federalist as a vehicle to defend the Constitution and a strong central government.
He was shot and killed in a duel with Aaron Burr in 1804.